Who Is a Legal Judge
Impartiality is often seen as important for the rule of law. For example, in many jurisdictions, judges can be appointed for life, so they cannot be removed by the executive. However, in non-democratic systems, the appointment of judges can be highly politicized, and they are often instructed on how to judge and can be removed if their behavior does not please political leaders. Judges of courts with specialized jurisdiction (such as bankruptcy courts or juvenile courts) have sometimes been formally referred to as “arbitrators,” but the use of this title is declining. Judges who sit in common law systems in the courts of equity (for example, judges of the Delaware courts of equity) are called “chancellors”. Judges must justify their decisions. Sometimes judges explain their reasons in court at the same time as they make their decision on the case. In other cases, judges will issue their decision at the end of the trial in court, but will set out the reasons for their decision in a written decision at a later stage. Judges may also present oral reasons before the court and a written decision at a later date. There are many types of judges, whether it is an untrained justice of the peace or a member of the Supreme Court of the United States or the Court of Queen`s Bench. In the United States, judges are elected or appointed. Most federal judges are appointed for life by the president with the advice or approval of the Senate. The highest judge in the U.S.
legal system is the Chief Justice of the United States. See also judgment; Justice; Magistrates` Court; Map of Missouri. The judges of the International Criminal Court are called “judges”. [ref. necessary] Judges are appointed or elected. At the federal level, district judges, appellate judges, and Supreme Court justices are appointed by the President, subject to congressional approval. At the state level, judges may be appointed by the governor, elected by a joint vote of both houses of the state legislature, or elected by state electors. In New Zealand, judges of the District Court of New Zealand are generally referred to as “His Honour” or “Mr. / Madam”. Judges of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court are referred to as “[last name] judges.” In social environments, the term “judge” should be used in all cases.  In Germany, judges are called Herr Vorsitzender or Frau Vorsitzende, which translates as “Herr Vorsitzender” and “Frau Vorsitzende”, or Hohes Gericht, which translates as “Obergericht”. Under Article III of the U.S.
Constitution, once confirmed, a federal judge can serve a term for life or until he or she retires. Congress can impeach a sitting judge through a very lengthy process known as impeachment and conviction, even if it has chosen to do so only a few times in our nation`s history. The courtroom assistant, who usually sits next to the judge, swears oaths to witnesses, marks exhibits and usually assists the judge in ensuring the smooth running of the trial. At the federal level, judges are appointed for life. Most state court judges serve for a number of years. If a state court judge is appointed by the governor, the judge`s term of office may be determined by the governor. In some States, the term of office of a judge is determined by law. All state jurisdictions have mandatory retirement ages. In New Hampshire, for example, a judge must retire at age 70 (N.H.
Const. pt. 2, s. 78). At the federal level, there is no mandatory retirement age for judges and judges. When trials were conducted in Chinese, prior to the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China, judges were called Fat Goon Dai Yan (Hong Kong Cantonese: 法官大人, romanized: Fǎguān dàrén, lit. “judge, your rule”) before the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China and as Fat Goon Gok Ha (Hong Kong Cantonese: 法官閣下, romanized: Fǎguān géxià, lit. `judge, your honor`). Fat Goon (Hong Kong Cantonese: 法官, romanized: Fǎguān, lit. “judge”) means the word “judge”.
Various traditions have become associated with rank or profession. Hammers (a ceremonial hammer) are used by judges in many countries, to the point that the hammer has become a symbol of a judge. In many parts of the world, judges wear long robes (often black or red) and sit on a raised platform (known as a bench) during trials. Unlike many civil law countries, where there are courts where judicial colleges of almost equal status are composed of both professional judges with legal training and lay judges without legal training rather than professional judges, the United States legal system (like most Anglo-American legal systems) makes a clear distinction between professional and lay judges charged with decide on a case and juries. who are part of a jury. Most, but not all, U.S. judges have professional qualifications as lawyers. In the United States, lay judges are often elected and are usually either justices of the peace or part-time judges in rural courts with limited jurisdiction. A lay judge generally has the same rights and obligations as a lawyer who is a judge who holds the same office and is addressed in the same way. About half of all judges are elected by the president, including Supreme Court judges and district judges. Everyone should ensure that everyone has a fair chance at justice, regardless of skin colour, background or bank account.
In Pakistan, judges of the Supreme Court and Supreme Courts are called Your Lordship or My Lord or Lordship and Your Lady or Lady, a tradition directly attributed to England. There is some resistance for religious reasons, but more or less to date. In the lower courts, judges are called Mr. Sir, Madam or the Urdu equivalent Janab or Judge Sahab. In Portugal, presiding judge is called Meretíssimo Juiz as a man or Meretíssima Juíza as a woman (meaning “most dignified judge”) or as Vossa Excelência (“Your Excellency”) if no gender is indicated. There is no special greeting; Ordinary politeness is sufficient and the procedure lacks obscure rituals. Accordingly, the Chairman of the Group is called herra/rouva puheenjohtaja (“Mr./Madam President”). Finnish judges use hammers, but there are no robes or capes used in Finnish courts.
 Persons with judicial functions who report to an executive rather than to the judiciary are often referred to as “administrative judges” in American practice. They were formerly known as auditory examiners. They typically make initial decisions on issues such as workers` compensation, entitlement to government benefits, regulatory affairs, and immigration regulations. The biblical book of judges revolves around a series of rulers known as “judges” (Hebrew shoftim שופטים), but – apart from their judicial function – were also tribal warlords. However, the same word is used in present-day Israel to refer to judges whose function and authority are similar to those of other modern countries. The same word is also used in modern Hebrew for referees in any type of competition and especially in sports. To distinguish them from court judges and from each other, the type of competition is added after the word “shoset” in the state of construction (e.g. “shofet kaduregel” שופט כדורגל, literally “football judge”). Judges of the Court of Appeal, also known as Lords Justice of Appeal, are called “Lord Justice N” or “Lady Justice N”.
In legal drafting, the Lords Justices of Appeal receive the post-nominal letters “LJ:”, e.g. Smith LJ. In Sri Lanka, the judges of most courts are called to your honour, but the Chief Justice is called your Lordship. Judges of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal are given the title of honourable. [ref. needed] A senior judge in U.S. practice is a retired judge who handles cases selected for a part-time retired government position. Judges must be able to research and review lengths of documents, testimony, and other documents pertaining to the case, understand complex cases, and have a thorough understanding of the law and court procedures, which requires excellent logical thinking, analytical, and decision-making skills. Excellent writing skills are also a necessity given the purpose and authority of the documents drafted. Judges work with people all the time; Due to the nature of the job, good dispute resolution and interpersonal skills are required.  Judges must be of good character, that is, there must be no criminal history.
Professional judges often enjoy high salaries, in the United States, the average salary of judges is $101,690 per year, and federal judges earn $208,000 to $267,000 per year.  In Israel, the judges (Hebrew: שופט, romanized: shofét, lit. `judge`) of all courts are addressed as Sir, Madam (Hebrew: אדוני/גבירתי, romanized: ado`nai/geveret) or Your Honor (Hebrew: כבודו/כבודה, romanized: kabowd/). Typischerweise hört man nach jeder Namensgebung haShofét, was nach der jeweiligen Adresse « der Richter » bedeutet.