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What Are the Effects of Law and Order

The law and order approach uses reactive policing, supported by various forms of legislation, to forcibly evict indigenous peoples from public places. Experience in a number of urban centres shows that such policing approaches can only be partially successful and even completely unsuccessful when it comes to eliminating Indigenous public spaces. They are likely to result in temporary or local displacement as full cycles of incarceration, alcohol abuse and social housing continue, and may also violate anti-discrimination laws. Forced physical transfer to remote settlements is equally repugnant and a violation of civil liberties. Fundamentally, any movement of Indigenous peoples from the public spaces they occupy due to conflicting public needs should be led through a negotiation process, regardless of its duration, and supported by a planned set of alternative housing options and services acceptable to all parties (Memmott 2006). Hitler`s glorification of law and order discredited the notion of law and order. The punishment as a normal continuation of the crime was tainted by fascist. In democracies, after World War II (after punishing collaborators, sometimes indiscriminately), anti-fascist parties regarded punishment as legitimate only as “treatment”. One lesson has not been learned from Hitler`s experience: punitive laxity breeds political extremism. The far-right parties that emerged in late twentieth-century Europe often arose out of the need for a party in France, the Netherlands, Italy, Norway, and Sweden to express popular sentiments about the Great Wave of crime. The study, published in the Journal of Health Communication, took 313 freshmen and asked them if they saw the top three procedural franchises on network TV: Law & Order, CSI and NCIS. Students were asked how much they agreed or disagreed with statements that examined acceptance of rape myths (“When a woman is raped, she is at least somewhat responsible for things that are out of control”), intentions to obtain consent for sexual activity (“I would stop and ask if everything is okay if my partner does not respond to my sexual advances”), and intentions to refuse unwanted sexual activity (“I would refuse unwanted sexual activity on my date, even if it could destroy the romantic atmosphere”). The concept and exact phrase “law and order” became a powerful political issue in the United States in the late 1960s.

The first prominent American politician to use the term during this period was Alabama Governor George Wallace, who used the term as a political slogan and racist whistle in his 1968 presidential campaign. Other leading supporters included two Republicans, California Governor Ronald Reagan and presidential candidate Richard Nixon. Nixon used the term to attract various demographics, including white working-class ethnicities in northern cities. Nixon sought to discredit the Democratic Party in the eyes of these voters by accusing it of being lenient on crime and rioters. [5] There are also some differences between the method used and the actual method, which limits the application of our results. For example, Kerstholt and Jackson (1998) found that participants who were asked to assess the guilt of the accused after seeing all the evidence had a speed effect when background information was provided, but a primacy effect when no basic information was provided. In our study, participants were not given any basic information about the suspect. In reality, judges in the Netherlands receive the file and then have about a week to prepare the trial (Van der Post & Van Toor, 2019). According to Kerstholt and Jackson (1998), such general information would contribute to a topical effect. In addition, the delay between the submission of evidence and the decision-making process may also affect the potential effects of the contract.

Greater time between different pieces of information presented was associated with an increased speed effect, while greater time between final presentation and recall was associated with a reduced timeliness effect (Insko, 1964; Stout et al., 2005).